Family : Cactaceae
Text © Pietro Puccio
English translation by Mario Beltramini
The Disocactus flagelliformis (L.) Barthlott (1991) is native to central Mexico (mainly, states of Hidalgo, Puebla and Veracruz), where it prevailingly lives in the oak forests at around 2.000 m of altitude on trees and shrubs, to which it adheres with its aerial roots, or on steep rocks where its long stems which can freely hang down.
The name of the genus comes from the combination of the Greek word “dis” = double and “Cactus”, with reference to the two series of tepals of equal size; the name of the species is the combination of the Latin words “flagellum” = scourge, whip and “forma” = shape, look, with obvious reference.
Common names: “rattail cactus” (English); “cactier queue de souris”, “cierge serpent”, “queue de rat”, “serpentine” (French), “cactus a coda di topo” (Italian); “cola de iguana”, “cola de rata”, “flor de látigo”, “flor de cuerno”, “floricuerno”, “hierba de Alferecia”, “junco”, “junquillo”, “nopalillo” (Spanish); “Schlangenkak- tus” (German).
Epiphyte or lithophyte with thin stems with green-grey epidermis, mostly ramified at the base and up to 2 m long, with a diameter of about 2 cm, which can be climbing in presence of a support, thanks to its aerial roots, or hanging.
It has 8-12 rectilinear ribs, not much evident with tubercles and areoles, spaced of 6-8 mm, provided with rather soft thorns; the 8-12 radial ones, are of brown-red colour and 4-7 mm long, whilst the 3-4 central thorns are a little longer and of a brown colour with yellow extremity; all the thorns, initially, are fully red.
In spring-summer, it produces lot of waxy flowers which open by day time for 4-5 consecutive days, 7-8 cm long and 4 cm broad, curved, usually of magenta colour, with outer lanceolate, bent backwards tepals, about 3 cm long and 0,6 cm broad, and oblong and straight inner tepals, about 1 cm broad; the pollination in the origin countries is done by the hummingbirds.
The fruits are globose, thorny, of red colour, of about 1-2 centimetres of diameter, with greenish yellow pulp, theoretically edible, containing some brownish ovoid seeds. It reproduces in spring by seed, just covered in sandy topsoil, or cutting to be placed, after having well dried up the cut for some days, on a sandy substratum; the new plant will begin to bloom after two or three years. The plant has originated several hybrids.
It is the most appreciated plant of the genus and the most utilized for hanging and raised pots; cultivated in Europe already by the beginning of the ‘700, it has had a rapid diffusion thanks to its particular characteristics and its facility of cultivation.
It is to be placed in full sun, or however at the most possible luminosity, on perfectly draining and well aerated topsoil, as its roots are very much sensitive to rottenness for humidity stagnation, which can be formed by common garden earth, leaves topsoils, or, missing these, by coarse peat and siliceous sand in equal parts, eventually some crushed stone can be added, in order to improve the draining. Its collocation in open air is limited to the climates where the temperatures around 0° c, are a short lasting exception, taking in any case care to shelter the plant from the winter rains, elsewhere, it is to be cultivated in pot. In summer, it is to be regularly watered; in winter is to be kept dry, with some rare watering if the stems tend to become wrinkled, and at temperatures between +5° and +10° C, this period of cold and dry rest is indispensable for the blooming.
As soon as the buds appear, it is better to effect some light fertilizations. In order to avoid the risk of rottenness, it is often grafted, for instance on Selenicereus grandiflorus. Being easily subject to the attack of parasites, like the “red spider mite” and scale insects, it is to be kept under control for being be able to effect a prompt action.
The plant is inscribed into the appendix II of the CITES (plant whose trade is ruled at international level).
Synonyms: Cactus flagelliformis L. (1753); Cereus flagelliformis (L.) Mill. (1768); Cereus leptophis DC. (1828); Cereus flagriformis Zucc. ex Pfeiff. (1837); Aporocactus flagelliformis (L.) Lem. (1860); Cereus flagelliformis var. leptophis (DC.) K. Schum. (1897); Aporocactus flagriformis (Zucc. ex Pfeiff.) Lem. (1909); Aporocactus leptophis (DC.) Britton & Rose (1909); Aporocactus flagelliformis var. leptophis (DC.) P.V. Heath (1992); Aporocactus flagelliformis var. pfeifferi P.V. Heath (1992).