Apiaceae

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Testo © Giuseppe Mazza

 

Conium maculatum © Giuseppe Mazza

Conium maculatum © Giuseppe Mazza

Quasi cosmopolita, la famiglia delle Apiaceae, note anche come Umbelliferae, cresce anche ai tropici, ma mostra una netta preferenza per i climi temperati.

Piante erbacee, annuali, biennali o perenni con la caratteristica infiorescenza ad ombrella, declinata talora in fantasiose varianti. Piante alimentari, come la celebre carota, e spezie coltivate fin dall’antichità, senza scordare le virtù medicinali.

Si contano (2015) quasi 2.300 specie ed i seguenti generi:

Aciphylla, Acronema, Actinanthus, Actinolema, Actinotus, Adenosciadium, Aegokeras, Aegopodium, Aethusa, Aframmi, Afroligusticum, Afrosciadium, Afrosison, Agasyllis, Agrocharis, Ainsworthia, Alepidea, Aletes, Alococarpum, Ammi, Ammodaucus, Ammoides, Ammoselinum, Andriana, Anethum, Angelica, Anginon, Angoseseli, Anisopoda, Anisosciadium, Anisotome, Annesorhiza, Anthriscus, Aphanopleura, Apiastrum, Apiopetalum, Apium, Apodicarpum, Arafoe, Arctopus, Arcuatopterus, Arracacia, Artedia, Asciadium, Asteriscium, Astomaea, Astrantia, Astrodaucus, Astydamia, Athamanta, Aulacospermum, Austropeucedanum, Autumnalia, Azilia, Azorella, Berula, Bifora, Bilacunaria, Billburttia, Bolax, Bonannia, Bowlesia, Brachyscias, Bunium, Bupleurum, Cachrys, Calyptrosciadium, Cannaboides, Capnophyllum, Carlesia, Caropsis, Carum, Caucalis, Cenolophium, Centella, Cephalopodum, Chaerophyllopsis, Chaerophyllum, Chaetosciadium, Chamaele, Chamaesciadium, Chamaesium, Chamarea, Changium, Chlaenosciadium, Choritaenia, Chuanminshen, Chymsydia, Cicuta, Cnidiocarpa, Cnidium, Coaxana, Cogswellia, Conioselinum, Conium, Conopodium, Coriandrum, Cortia, Cortiella, Cotopaxia, Coulterophytum, Cryptotaenia, Cuminum, Cyathoselinum, Cyclorhiza, Cyclospermum, Cymbocarpum, Cymopterus, Cynosciadium, Dactylaea, Dahliaphyllum, Dasispermum, Daucosma, Daucus, Demavendia, Dethawia, Deverra, Dichosciadium, Dickinsia, Dicyclophora, Dimorphosciadium, Diplaspis, Diplolophium, Diplotaenia, Diposis, Dipterygia, Discopleura, Distichoselinum, Domeykoa, Donnellsmithia, Dorema, Dracosciadium, Drusa, Ducrosia, Dumaniana, Dystaenia, Echinophora, Ekimia, Elaeoselinum, Elaeosticta, Eleutherospermum, Enantiophylla, Endressia, Eremocharis, Eremodaucus, Ergocarpon, Erigenia, Eriosynaphe, Eryngium, Erythroselinum, Eurytaenia, Exoacantha, Ezosciadium, Falcaria, Fergania, Ferula, Ferulago, Ferulopsis, Foeniculum, Frommia, Froriepia, Fuernrohria, Galagania, Geocaryum, Gingidia, Glaucosciadium, Glehnia, Glia, Glochidotheca, Gongylosciadium, Gongylotaxis, Grafia, Grammosciadium, Guillonea, Gymnophyton, Hacquetia, Halosciastrum, Hansenia, Haplosciadium, Haplosphaera, Harbouria, Harrysmithia, Heptaptera, Heracleum, Hermas, Heteromorpha, Heteroptilis, Hladnikia, Hohenackeria, Homalocarpus, Huanaca, Hyalolaena, Hymenidium, Hymenolyma, Indoschulzia, Itasina, Johrenia, Kadenia, Kafirnigania,

Astrantia major © Giuseppe Mazza

Astrantia major © Giuseppe Mazza

Kalakia, Kamelinia, Karnataka, Keramocarpus, Klotzschia, Korovinia, Korshinskia, Korshinskya, Krasnovia, Krubera, Kundmannia, Ladyginia, Lagoecia, Laretia, Laser, Laserpitium, Lecokia, Lefebvrea, Leiotulus, Leptotaenia, Lereschia, Leutea, Levisticum, Libanotis, Lichtensteinia, Ligusticopsis, Ligusticum, Lilaeopsis, Limnosciadium, Lipskya, Lisaea, Lithosciadium, Lomatium, Lomatocarpa, Lomatopodium, Mackinlaya, Magydaris, Malabaila, Mandenovia, Margotia, Marlothiella, Mediasia, Meeboldia, Melanosciadium, Melanoselinum, Meum, Micropleura, Molopospermum, Monizia, Mulinum, Museniopsis, Musineon, Mutellina, Myrrhidendron, Myrrhis, Myrrhoides, Nanobubon, Naufraga, Neogoezia, Neonelsonia, Neoparrya, Neopaulia, Niphogeton, Nothosmyrnium, Notiosciadium, Notobubon, Notopterygium, Ochotia, Oedibasis, Oenanthe, Oligocladus, Olymposciadium, Opopanax, Oreocomopsis, Oreomyrrhis, Oreonana, Oreoschimperella, Oreoxis, Orlaya, Ormosolenia, Orogenia, Oschatzia, Osmorhiza, Ostericum, Ottoa, Oxypolis, Pachyctenium, Pachypleurum, Palimbia, Paraselinum, Parasilaus, Pastinaca, Paulia, Pentapeltis, Perideridia, Perissocoeleum, Petroselinum, Peucedanum, Phellolophium, Phellopterus, Phlojodicarpus, Phlyctidocarpa, Physospermopsis, Physospermum, Physotrichia, Pilopleura, Pimpinella, Pinda, Platysace, Pleiotaenia, Pleurospermopsis, Pleurospermum, Podistera, Polemannia, Polemanniopsis, Polytaenia, Portenschlagiella, Postiella, Pozoa, Prangos, Prionosciadium, Psammogeton, Pseudocannaboides, Pseudocarum, Pseudocymopterus, Pseudopteryxia, Pseudoreoxis, Pseudorlaya, Pseudoselinum, Pseudotaenidia, Pseudotrachydium, Pternopetalum, Pterygopleurum, Pteryxia, Ptilimnium, Ptychotis, Pycnocycla, Rhodosciadium, Rhysopterus, Rhyticarpus, Ridolfia, Rouya, Sajania, Sanicula, Saposhnikovia, Scaligeria, Scandia, Scandix, Schrenkia, Schtschurowskia, Schulzia, Sclerosciadium, Sclerotiaria, Scrithacola, Selinum, Semenovia, Seseli, Seselopsis, Shoshonea, Silaum, Sinocarum, Sinolimprichtia, Sison, Sium, Smyrniopsis, Smyrnium, Sonderina, Soranthus, Spananthe, Spermolepis, Sphaenolobium, Sphaerosciadium, Sphallerocarpus, Sphenosciadium, Stefanoffia, Steganotaenia, Stenocoelium, Stenosemis, Stenotaenia, Stewartiella, Stoibrax, Synelcosciadium, Taenidia, Talassia, Tamamschjanella, Tana, Tauschia, Thamnosciadium, Thapsia, Thaspium, Thorella, Thunbergiella, Tiedemannia, Tilingia, Tinguarra, Todaroa, Tongoloa, Tordyliopsis, Tordylium, Torilis, Trachydium, Trachysciadium, Trachyspermum, Trepocarpus, Trigonosciadium, Trinia, Trochiscanthes, Turgenia, Uraspermum, Vanasushava, Vicatia, Vvedenskia, Washingtonia, Xanthosia, Xatardia, Yabea, Zizia, Zosima.

 

→ Per apprezzare la biodiversità all’interno della famiglia delle APIACEAE cliccare qui.

 

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